Top 25 Paralegal Blogs and Websites To Follow for 2022


Feedspot, March 24, 20202

Wow! What an honor to be listed with the same bloggers I admire and have influenced me for so many years! There are, of course, many other paralegal blogs and resources out there. You can also find great information at your local or state paralegal organization and its newsletter. Do not forget your state or national bar journal, especially to help you keep up with the lastest changes to statutes and case law, as well as court rule changes!

As always, if I can give you a hand, please give a shout! -CCE

How Using Latest Technology Can Lower Stress During Your Child Custody Lawsuit, by J. Benjamin Stevens, South Carolina Family Law Blog (with hat tip to Jim Calloway’s Law Practice Tips)



Family law takes a special breed. How often have you received a call from your client complaining that the soon-to-be-ex-spouse forgot the child’s teacher/parent conference, was late to pick up the child for a doctor appointment, or disagrees how to parent in a given situation? It happens all too often, and punches a divorce client’s button every time.

What if your client had a way to permanently, securely document and communicate with the other party about appointments, vacations, homework assignments, and all the other hot-button issues that pop up?

Mr. Stevens has the best solution I have seen. Online portals, such as Our Family Wizard, provides a color-coded calendar and message board for the parents. The calendar helps to avoid miscommunication about things such as appointments, visitation schedules, and school events. Messages posted on the message board cannot be deleted, redacted, or edited in any way, providing a communication log that can be used in court.

Mr. Stevens’ has generously shared additional online portals and apps for family scheduling, school, and medical communication that make it easier for each parent to stay informed. It helps to cut down on your client’s stress, the parties’ disagreements, and the frequent calls to your office. This technology is easy to use and good for your practice and your client. -CCE

Oklahoma Didn’t Know It Was Lost!



The New York Times Has Discovered Oklahoma! by Jeremy Telman, ContractsProf Blog

Associate Law Professor Jeremy Telman, Oklahoma City University Law School, provided the shocking news.  Oklahomans are growing, selling, and consuming marijuana. Oh my goodness sakes alive!

Medical marijuana became legal in Oklahoma three years ago. Just drive around. You cannot throw a rock without hitting a marijuana dispensary in Oklahoma.  I know – I live here.  

Although Oklahoma is predominantly a red state, medical marijuana sends tax money to state coffers. Can you say cha-ching? 

Thank you, Professor Telman! Interesting read! -CCE

Power Online Legal Research Tools



Basic Legal Research – Terms and Connectors Searching, by Northern Illinois University College of Law, David C. Shapiro Memorial Law Library

When you do online legal research, do you have the luxury of time to poke around or do you have to get in, find what you need, and get out as fast as you can? I often feel as if I have limited time to dig as deep as I want. Usually, basic connectors – within the same sentence or paragraph and with parentheses – quickly help me find whatever I want, but not always. I am always looking for tips and tools that get the best results as quickly as I can, which is what drew me to this link. I hope it helps you too.

If you have a tip or tool that helps make you a master researcher, please share. -CCE

Testimony Mode: Note the Tradeoff Between Information Density and Juror Sensitivity, by Dr.  Ken Broda-Bahm, Persuasive Litigator™



No one must tell us that Covid has changed our society in multiple ways that continue to evolve.  Attitudes and attention spans are not the same.

Given these changes, how does a trial lawyer decide what information must be impressed upon a jury and what is the best way to do it? How do you avoid juror boredom? I have seen jurors fall asleep while an attorney questioned a witness using extensive legalese. By the time the lawyer asked the question, he had lost the jury’s attention. He mentally wore them out.

Dr. Broda-Bahm is an experienced litigation consultant. I admit that I am a fan of his blog.  When I saw this post, it reminded me of my experiences watching the jury’s reactions throughout trial. What causes jury information overload? What is a clear and concise way to present complex or unfamiliar legal issues to a jury? What changes should you make to trial strategy to address changes in jury’s attitudes and reactions?

This post addresses those questions. I encourage you to note the “Other Posts on Testimony” at the end of his post, which reference more posts on this topic. – CCE

Top 20 Paralegal Blogs, Websites, and Influences of 2021

(Last Updated Jan 13, 2021), by Feedspot Blogger,

A compilation of twenty paralegal blogs, each with a different focus and content. An excellent resource for beginning or experienced paralegals. I am honored to be listed among them. Each author of these blogs has at least one thing in common – a desire to share their knowledge with others in the profession. Please feel free to write to them to suggest content or ask questions. You will find them happy to help. -CCE

In Custodia Legis Free Webinar Honeypot


, ,

December 2020 US Law Webinars: These Are a Few of My Favorite Things, by Margaret Wood, In Custodia Legis, Law Librarians of Congress

A CLE honeypot for those who need CLE credits to maintain bar requirements or professional paralegal designations or who simply want to improve their legal research skills. In Custodia Legis, Law Librarians of Congress, is now giving free one-hour webinars. On December 10, 2020, sign up for a review of the U.S. Code and Statutes at Large. In February, there will be a webinar on case law.

If you are asking yourself why on earth would I need to know anything about the Statutes at Large, or do not know what it is, here is a refresher: If you ever have had to research the legislative intent of a federal statute, this is one of the best research tools to find it.  

I highly recommend signing up to sharpen up your research skills regardless of whether you need the CLE credits. -CCE

A Fairy Tale Brief Teaches Clarity and Form, by Stephanie R. Williams, Appellate Advocacy Blog



While clear legal writing is important regardless of the document, it is essential in state and federal appellate cases. Rarely do the parties argue the case before the court. They must rely on their briefs and the record to win.

This humorous example from the Appellate Advocacy Blog shows, among other things, how to write your fact statements clearly and concisely. When judges read briefs, they appreciate the writer who gets to the point and supports the facts with a clear and convincing argument of relevant statutes and case law.

This is why editing your writing is so important. Get your thoughts down in writing. Organize it so that the reader is led through a logical flow of the facts and the argument. In appellate briefs, the format for citations to the record and all other citations format always is always set by court rules.

Go back through your document. Remove all unnecessary words and hyperbole. For example, “in order” can always be deleted.  Some repetition is acceptable. Constant repetition is not. The court will “get it.” Good legal writing is also good story telling.

One of the best writing exercises I can recommend is to rewrite something that is poorly written. It can be anything. If you cannot find something, go to the Internal Revenue Code. You should find plenty of fodder there.  Follow the rule of short – short sentences and short paragraphs. Delete all unnecessary words and legalese. Sensitize yourself to verbosity.

Now, a word of caution. If you are the only author of the document that will bear your name, you have complete control over how it is written. If, however, you are writing for your boss, here is where you need to use good judgment. You may hate legalese, but your boss has certain archaic phrases that he or she use in every document because it just makes it “sound right.” I would not recommend editing someone else’s writing without permission and a clear understanding that your boss reads and approves all changes you have made.

I hope you enjoy Ms. Williams’ “Goldilocks and the Three Bears” example and find it helpful as a legal writing guide. -CCE



, , ,

Avoiding Grievances: 25 Things You Can Do, David Bright, St. Mary’s Journal on Legal Malpractice and Ethics, 270 (2016) (with hat tip to William P. Statsky)

I was taught that the biggest client complaint to bar associations was lack of communication. Failing to return calls, respond to emails or correspondence, and requests for updates on the status of the case were the best ways to earn a grievance. Incompetence, lack of representation, and disputes over fees and costs were not far behind.

Mr. Bright’s essay, from the Texas perspective, is nonetheless an excellent refresher and reminder for all of us. Paralegals and legal support staff – do not think you are off the hook. You represent your attorney and employer. These ethical considerations are important for you as they are for your attorney. -CCE

Head’s up! Minnesota Court Rules Updated.


Rules of Civil Procedure, Rules of Family Court Procedure, and Rules of Civil Appellate Procedure were updated effective September 1, 2020. -CCE




I stumbled across this some time ago. Your first reaction is going to be housekeeping tips? Are you kidding? Take a closer look. The tips on Word and Excel have been invaluable tools to help me do my job. I did not grow up using Word and Excel. I started with a typewriter and have been learning new technology ever since. I love technology, and I think it gets more intuitive all the time.  But, if I do not use it often, I can get stuck. When I need a hand, I have found the tips on Word and Excel especially helpful. Even better, both the Word and Excel tips have newsletters and answer questions from readers.  The tools are out there. You just have to find them. The practical household tips are an extra plus. An easy “go to” website for all sorts of things. -CCE

Research Guides in Focus – Municipal Codes: A Beginner’s Guide, by Anna Price



I know what you’re thinking. Municipal codes? This has nothing to do with my job or the research I regularly need. Good point.  What if your house catches on fire and the fire hydrant across the street does not work? A fire truck loses one of its hoses on the main highway in town and causes an accident. Do you have a remedy? It’s in the municipal code. The police knock down the wrong door and the someone gets hurt – or worse, is killed? In each situation, the If you want to sue the city or town you live in, there’s a procedure just like state and federal courts, especially if you want to end up in state or federal court.  

I used to work for a municipality and have hundreds of examples of situations where something happened that caused someone wanted to make a complaint, complain about a neighbor, condemn a building, or sue the municipality.  If you live in any type of municipality, you are affected by the municipal code.

In your state statutes, you will usually find the municipal code under “Cities and Towns.” You can also find often find it simply by typing in the name of the town or city in your browser. This excellent beginner’s research guide tells you how to navigate it and more. I highly recommend a bookmark. -CCE

Westlaw’s New Search Tool – The Carat ^

Add Term Emphasis to Your Westlaw Search with The Carat Symbol, Cleveland Marshall College of Law Library Blog (with hat tip to William P. Statsky)

Westlaw has added an important search term, the carat (^) (shift 6 on your keyboard).  This allows you to put more emphasis on a search term. To use it, place the carat symbol right behind the term you want emphasized.

If you need a refresher on Westlaw Edge, check this out:

Westlaw’s Guide to Law Review Research, which includes the carat symbol as well:

I have used Westlaw for a long time, but can always use any tips I can get! -CCE

Texas Online Court System Attacked By Ransomware.

Coronavirus isn’t the Only Infection to Worry About Right Now, by Lance Caughfield, Appellate Advocacy Blog

Mr. Caughfield reports that the Texas Office of Court Administration was attacked by ransomware in May. According to Mr. Caughfield, Texas refused to pay the ransom and shut down their systems.  They are doing their best to work around the problem.

In my state, we have had our share of navigating changing rules and procedures due to COVID 19. I cannot imagine the disruption caused by attacking the court’s online systems. Imagine trying to find out the status of your case using social media.

Mr. Caughfield, a former IT professional, gives insight about how ransomware works and what we can do to keep our computer systems safe. It is excellent advice and well worth the read. -CCE




16 PARALEGAL BLOGS FOR 2020, BY Online Master Paralegal Blogs for 2020

A list of valuable and helpful blogs for paralegal professionals and paralegal students. -CCE

Legal Research Finally Demystified.


, ,

Legal Research Demystified, by Eric Voight, Professor of Legal Research and Writing, Faulkner University (table of contents and a sample chapter)

I have a new favorite legal research textbook and reference guide for law and paralegal students — Legal Research Demystified.  In my opinion, it offers a fresh approach to finding and understanding the law. It guides a student in a logical process to research common law and statutory issues. It minimizes the chances that students will miss an important step or forget a necessary tool, such as the digest system or a citator.    

I like the way this book uses hypotheticals and visual aids, including screen captures from online databases, checklists, and charts. It does what a book on legal research should do – it shows and tells you how to do legal research rather than discussing finding research tools in a vacuum.

Everyone learns in a different way, but I think the opportunity to practice what you have learned is one of the strongest ways to teach. I was impressed to see that both students and professors have access to online exercises for each chapter using Core Knowledge for Lawyers (

Each self-guided exercise walks students through the steps identified in the textbook and teaches them to research on Westlaw and Lexis Advance, again using visual aids, tips, and hypotheticals. As students electronically answer each question, Core Knowledge instantly provides feedback and an explanation of the right anwer.  It is my understanding that additional exercises should be available May 2020. -CCE



Sharpen Your Oral Presentation Skills.


, ,

On Your Feet: Some Simple Steps to Presenting in Person, by Joseph Regalia, Appellate Advocacy Blog

Even though this post is written for attorneys who want to hone their oral argument skills, I think it also works for those who speak or teach, regardless of your audience.  -CCE

Best Tips To Improve Your Writing.


, ,

Tips to Immediately Improve Your Writing Skills, by Adam Lamparello, Appellate Advocacy Blog

An excellent list of key skills to improve your legal writing regardless of your proficiency level. This is one of the best legal writing checklists I have seen. Definitely worth a bookmark. -CCE

Tenth Circuit Rules Change January 1, 2020 and Other Information.


, , ,

Changes to the Tenth Circuit Rules and Other Information (with hat tip to Megan Barrett, Kansas Paralegal Association),, and

Please take note that the 2020 Rules for the U.S. District Court for the Tenth Circuit will change as of January 1, 2020.  Read more about these changes in the announcement from the Court below and the first link provided above. Now is a good time to review these changes and update your 10th Circuit docketing cheat sheets.

If you do not frequently file federal appeals, please note the New Or Infrequent Attorney Filer (look to the right of the web page screen) and Quick Reference Guide button (see second and third links above).  You will find forms and tips for those who do not regularly practice in this federal appellate court.  To help learn these rules and formats, I recommend revising these guides yourself with the new court rules.  This exercise will be well worth your time and help you to memorize the 2020 rule changes. -CCE


The 2020 Tenth Circuit Rules take effect January 1, 2020. Among other changes, Tenth Circuit Rules 30 and 31 have been revised to alter the process for submitting hard copies of formal merits briefs and appendices. For all formal merits briefs and appendices filed on or after January 1, 2020 (regardless of when an appeal was filed), counsel should NOT submit the required hard copies until the Clerk’s Office confirms via minute order that the electronically-filed brief and appendix comply with all applicable federal and local rules. Hard copies must be received in the Clerk’s Office within five business days from entry of the minute order confirming compliance, which will also set a deadline for the next brief (if any) to be filed.

If an electronically-filed brief or appendix is not compliant, the Clerk’s Office will issue a deficiency notice giving counsel three business days to electronically file a compliant brief/appendix. Errata sheets will no longer be accepted; counsel must correct deficiencies by re-filing the entire brief/appendix. After the Clerk’s Office confirms that the refiled brief/appendix is compliant, the Clerk’s Office will issue the aforementioned minute order setting (1) the five-business-day deadline for receipt of hard copies; and (2) a deadline for the next brief to be filed.

Hard copies of supplemental/ memorandum briefs are not required unless the court expressly orders otherwise. Hard copies of motions, responses, replies, and bail memorandum briefs/appendices are not required. See 10th Cir. R. 27.2 and 9.5.

The full text of the 2020 Tenth Circuit Rules, and a memorandum detailing all 2020 revisions, can be found at Please contact the Tenth Circuit Clerk’s Office (303-844-3157 | with any questions or concerns.

Chris Wolpert
Chief Deputy Clerk

Courtroom Objections – An iPhone App


, , , ,

Review: Courtroom Objections — trial assistance on your iPhone, iPhone J.D., by Jeff Richardson

Jeff Richardson shares Anthony Shorter’s updated app, Courtroom Objections.  Think of it as a cheat sheet to evidentiary objections and responses for federal and some state courts. Currently, the app covers federal court and these state jurisdictions: AZ, CA, CO, FL, GA, IL, IN, LA, MD, MA, MI, NJ, NY, OH, PA, TX, UT, WI.

The only downside I see to the convenience of this app is that federal courts forbid cell phones and your state court might as well. Even if your court allows cell phones, it is still awkward – or forbidden – to use your iPhone at the counsel table in front of a judge or jury. But in depositions or other settings, it would be a useful and handy tool, especially new lawyers or paralegals.  -CCE

Need Free Help With Excel or Word Software?


, ,, Sharon Parq Associates©2019

I stumbled across these technology tips some time ago. I love technology. But, like everyone, if I do not use it often, I often forget a step or get stuck. When I need a hand, I have found the tips on Word and Excel especially helpful. Even better, both the Word and Excel tips have newsletters and answer questions from readers.  -CCE


Excellent Beginner’s Guide to Federal Legislative Intent.


, , ,

Research Guides in Focus – Compiling a Federal Legislative History: A Beginner’s Guide, by Barbara Bavis, In Custodia Legis Blog

You may remember the Schoolhouse Rock song, “I’m Just a Bill.” Both state and federal laws – statutes – start out as just a bill. Once the bill is passed by a state or federal legislature and signed by a governor or the President, it becomes law. If you want to be proficient in legal research, it is important to understand this process. This post is an excellent introduction to federal legislative intent and how to use it to research and interpret federal statutes, also called codes.

If you are researching a new statute, you need to know where to look. Once a statute becomes law, it is not immediately categorized into the federal code.  Instead, it is published chronologically in the Statutes at Large. (See  Statutes are “codified,” meaning categorized and published in the United States Code, anywhere from 6 weeks to a year after it became law.  The United States Code, just like state statutes, are organized alphabetically into titles and numbered consecutively, such as Title 26, Internal Revenue Code. (See

There will be situations in which you will need to research why a statute or federal code was written and passed into law. When the legal argument hinges on a particular law, we normally look to case law to see how our jurisdiction’s court, or those that would be persuasive to our court, interpreted this statute. But, if your statute is recent and no case law has yet addressed it, you must research the legislative intent to support your argument. In other words, why was the bill written, what was its purpose, and what were the reasons given when the bill was debated to pass it?

Courts apply the law to the facts of each case to decide that case’s outcome, while relying on precedent and doctrine of stare decisis. But, when no case law interpreting a law exists in your jurisdiction – a case of “first impression” – you must look elsewhere for legal authority to support your argument.  Persuasive authority, cases decided by courts from other jurisdictions, can be just that – persuasive – but they are not cases your court must follow. The legislative intent is a stronger argument on which your court can rely to make its decision.

Because the Library of Congress and other online sources have digitalized the Statutes at Large and other online resources, it is much easier to research federal legislative intent. I encourage you to look to the Library of Congress and the law librarians at In Custodia Legis Blog to help you on that journey. -CCE

This Is How to Redact The Mueller Report.


, ,

Mueller? Mueller? More E-Discovery Lessons from Bill and Bob, by Craig Ball, Ball In Your Court

Is there anyone who knows and can explain e-discovery like Craig Ball? If so, I don’t know who it is. This is one is a keeper. If you think you understand how to redact a document, this post is for you. -CCE

Firearm Game Changer?


, , , ,

Families of Sandy Hook Victims May Sue Gunmaker Over Marketing Practices, Top State Court Says, by Debra Cassens Weiss, ABA Journal

On December 14, 2012, Adam Lanza killed 20 twenty first-grade children, 6 adults, his mother, and himself in Newtown, Connecticut, with a Remington Bushmaster semi-automatic rifle and other guns. In 2014, the children’s families sued Remington and others. That wrongful death civil lawsuit was dismissed in 2016 relying on federal law that protects gun manufacturers and retailers. The families appealed. In a recent surprise decision, the Connecticut Supreme Court ruled 4-3 to reverse and remand the case to the state trial court relying on Connecticut’s Unfair Trade Practices Act (CUTPA).

The 2005 Protection of Lawful Commerce in Arms Act (PLCAA) has protected gun makers and retailers against civil liability – until now. In its analysis, the Connecticut Supreme Court specifically noted that (1) the Bushmaster is a military-style rapid semiautomatic fire rifle with a large magazine; (2) the force and velocity of its bullets create a shock wave and catastrophic injuries; and, (3) the shooter killed 26 people in less than 4 and a half minutes. The Court dismissed many of plaintiffs’ claims. But, it agreed with plaintiffs’ argument that defendants’ advertising and the way in which it did it was a CUTPA exception for illegal marketing practices.

Plaintiffs can proceed with their theory that Remington knowingly marketed and promoted the gun ‘for civilians to use to carry out offensive, military style combat missions against their perceived enemies,’ the court said.

This is a case to watch. Expect much speculation about the impact of this ruling and the case’s eventual outcome. It has the potential to be a game changer for gun makers, distributors, retailers, and victims of gun violence. -CCE

Head’s Up! How Long Will Federal Judiciary Funds Last?


, , ,

Judiciary Has Funds to Operate Through Jan. 31, United States Courts (Published on January 22, 2019)

If you practice in any federal court, please note. Pay attention to your case’s court website and have a backup strategy. -CCE

The Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts (AO) now estimates that federal courts can sustain funded operations through Jan. 31, 2019. The Judiciary continues to explore ways to conserve funds so it can sustain paid operations through Feb. 1. No further extensions beyond Feb. 1 will be possible. The Judiciary previously had revised its estimate for exhausting available funds from Jan. 18 to Jan. 25.

*    *   *

Should funding run out before Congress enacts a new continuing resolution or full-year funding, the Judiciary would operate under the terms of the Anti-Deficiency Act, which permits mission critical work. . . . Each court would determine the staff necessary to support its mission critical work.

In response to requests by the Department of Justice, some federal courts have issued orders suspending or postponing civil cases in which the government is a party, and others have declined to do so. Such orders are published on court internet sites. Courts will continue to conduct criminal trials.

The Case Management/Electronic Case Files (CM/ECF) system remains in operation for electronic filing of documents, as does PACER, which enables the public to read court documents.  

*    *   *

Updates will be provided as more information becomes available.